# Times Tables

“Without a firm grasp of math basics, even the brightest students can fall behind.”

Times Tables

Times are tough, but not impossible!  The times tables should be on your list of important things to memorize. Once you know your times tables, you have made a great step towards success in Math. This is helpful not only in math, we frequently use multiplication in our daily lives.

Times Tables are used to define a multiplication operation. The numbers you multiply are called factors. The answer is called the product. Multiplication by a whole number is repeated addition of the number being multiplied.

Example: 3 × 4 = 4 + 4 + 4 = 12

3 × 4 = 12                           (3 times 4 is 12)

3 times 4 = 12                   (3 times 4 equals 12)

3 multiplied by 4 = 12     (3 multiplied by 4 is 12)

3 lots of 4 are 12

The product of 3 and 4 is 12

3 sets of 4 are 12

Three fours are twelve

The multiplication symbol means “groups of” (or “sets of” or “piles of”) 3 × 4 means 3 groups of 4

3 × 4 means 4, three times

Remember: The order doesn’t matter. (3 × 4 is the same as 4 × 3) Multiplying gives the same answer forwards as backwards    3 × 4 = 4 × 3

Multiplication Times Tables Tips and Tricks

• If you multiply any number by zero, the answer is zero.
• If you multiply any number by 1, you get the original number.
• If you multiply a whole number by 10, write an extra zero at the end of the number.  Multiples of 10 always end with a 0.
• If you multiply a number by two, add it to itself. (Example: 2 x 3 = 3 + 3 = 6). Multiplying by two is also known as doubling. Multiples of 2 always end with a 2, 4, 6, 8 or 0
• To multiply a number by four, double the number and then double it again.
(Example:  6 x 4 = ?   double 6 = 12,  double 12 = 24).
• To multiply a number by eight, you double the number three times (Example:  6 × 8 = ?   Double 6 = 12, double 12 = 24, double 24 = 48).
• To multiply a number by 5, multiply a half of that number by 10. (Example: 5 × 6, half of 6 is 3, add a zero for an answer of 30). Multiples of 5 always end with a 5 or a 0.
• To multiply a number by 9, just remember: The tens digit is one less than our original number. The tens digit plus the ones digit equals nine. (Example: 9 × 7 =? One less than 7 is 6, plus 3 more make 9:  9 × 7= 63

You need to memorize only the following products:

6 ×  7 = 42
6 ×  8 = 48
7 × 7 = 49
7 × 8 = 56
8 × 8 = 64

Memorizing can be facilitated by concentrating, rehearsal and memorization techniques.

Practicing your tables in different ways is very effective.

The three steps to learn multiplication tables are:
1) Skip counting pattern using a number line; Example: Name the multiples of 6,

6,  12,  18,  24,  30,  36,  42,  48,  54,  60

2) The actual multiplication tables practice; and 3) Practicing backwards. These mini drills provide students with reinforced practice so that ALL students can learn and practice until the answers are automatic. ## Suggested Learning Procedure:

Do a little each day. This will achieve more than trying to learn everything at once.

• Stick to one times table at a time to minimize confusion.
• Then move onto completing the answers quickly in order.
• Finally, move on to completing the answers in any order.
• Try to learn the tricky ones that you may not know.
• For best results use the 5/5 Rule. Repeat new times table 5 times a day for 5 days.

Use your multiple intelligences to learn the times tables. Learn through talking, chanting or singing:  Chant times tables in a particular way, such as quietly, slowly and loudly.

Mnemonic Strategies: Use songs, rhymes, raps and other tactics. They can help you remember your times tables. (Songs and rhymes imprint the instructional message 90% faster than any other strategy!), example:

• 4 x 4 = 16. You have to be 16 to drive a 4×4
• Six times four is twenty-four.
• Eight times eight is 64, close your mouth and shut the door!
• “Dinner for 6 at 7 on 42nd Street.”
• 7X7 = “SanFrancisco 49’ers”
• 7 x 8 is full of tricks, 7 x 8 is 56

Can you make up some more like these?

Other examples at: Multiplication Rhymes.

Trick for the even numbered 6’s

If you multiply 6 by an even number, they both end in the same digit. Example: 6×2=12, 6×4=24, 6×6=36, 6×8=48, Numbers multiplied by themselves (as 7 x 7) are called square numbers, we need to learn these as a group in math 7th.

Without regular, consistent practice, you can quickly forget the times tables that you have learned.

Review all facts occasionally to make sure they have been retained in long-term memory.

To consolidate and reinforce your math skills we will do a “2 minute weekly challenge” Can you find out the sequences of 1, 3, 7, 9 Times Tables? Can you find out the sequences of 2, 4, 6, 8 Times Tables? 